Beyond Diet and Exercise: Controlling Blood Sugar

According to the recently published National Diabetes Report, over 29 million people in the United States have diabetes. That’s nearly 10% of the population. Perhaps more disconcerting is that nearly 30% of those folks go undiagnosed, unaware that they even have the disease. All told, adult type 2 diabetes accounts for 95% of all diagnosed cases of diabetes.

The Newest Theory of Aging: Inflammaging

Cracking the code on aging remains one of the biggest challenges in science today. As recently as a decade ago, the general aging theory focused on the oxidative stress model. Basically, the idea was that aging is due to the sustained accumulation of cellular damage and a lifetime of reactive oxygen species and free radicals coursing through our veins.

L-carnitine: Re-opening Fat-clogged Mitochondria

Summer is the season for baseball games, county fairs and tempting foods. Hot dogs, cotton candy, pork rinds, sausages, fried dough…it may be OK to yield to these energy-rich, nutrient-poor treats on occasion. But, in this issue of the Health Journal, we examine how they can wreak havoc on our bodies if consumed too often.

Acetyl-L-Carnitine: The Lesser Known Cousin

Structurally, the difference between the acetyl-L-carnitine (ALC) and L-carnitine (LC) is that ALC is an LC molecule that also contains an attached acetic acid group. This structural difference is small, but it produces a considerable difference in the biochemical properties of the molecule and, consequently, in its effects on metabolism.

The Mitochondria: The Cell’s Dynamos

What are mitochondria, what are their functions and why are they so important? These tiny cellular structures specialize in energy production, but also play a role in aging, cancer, cell death, and degenerative diseases. Virtually all the energy needed for you to go about your daily life ultimately derives from the mitochondria.